- Dog Breed Facts for Fun! Book B has been added
- Dog Breed Facts for Fun! Book B - AbeBooks - Wyatt Michaels:
- Dog Breed Facts for Fun! Book B
In , two pit bulls severely injured a year-old Brooklyn girl, and other attacks left a seven-year-old Queens boy with a bone-deep wound to his leg, and an year-old Queens boy with a shredded arm. Pit bulls can inflict such terrible damage because their massive skulls and powerful jaws give them almost super-canine biting power.
Pit-bull-inflicted injuries in New York City will almost certainly spike up because of a senseless new federal law ending a year official ban on animals in housing projects. But two years ago, after tenants barraged a newly installed quality-of-life hotline with dog-related complaints, ranging from organized dog fighting to pit-bull attacks on other pets, the authority launched a campaign against vicious animals in public housing.
Intimidating dogs had many residents, especially seniors, living in a "state of fear and terror," as authority spokesman Hilly Gross put it. Though ambiguous wording in the federal legislation may allow the authority to retain some restrictions, the new law invites disaster by permitting lots of pit bulls within biting distance of lots of children and old folks.
P it bulls are also wreaking havoc on the city's public property. As Manhattan Parks Commissioner Adrian Benepe observes, "Some pit-bull owners train their animals to fight by having them lock their jaws on rubber swings in children's playgrounds, which very quickly destroys the swings.
Dog Breed Facts for Fun! Book B has been added
Parks Commissioner Henry Stern, aware of the property damage and sensitive to complaints from "terrorized" parents, joggers, and senior citizens about roving canines in city parks, now is enforcing the city's leash law, requiring owners to keep their dogs leashed between 9 AM and 9 PM , unless they are using one of the city's dog runs.
So far, despite howls from some pet owners, spot checks show the percentage of unleashed dogs down dramatically, as owners have gotten the message. Mail to the Parks Department has run three-to-one in favor of strict enforcement. S tern's initiative follows closely on the heels of the Giuliani administration's proposed new dangerous-dog legislation, announced earlier this year. Predictably, the proposal has enraged dog owners.
According to New York City Health Commissioner Neal Cohen, the city needs the new law because of its high number of dog-inflicted injuries. The existing dangerous-dog law, on the books since , has been ineffective in practice, because it requires the Department of Health, which adjudicates dog-bite cases, to prove that a dog wasn't "provoked" before it can label the animal dangerous and require it to be muzzled or impounded.
As then-Corporation Counsel Paul Crotty complained after a pit- bull attack in killed a Queens man, "It's a dopey law that puts the emphasis on protection of due-process rights of dogs. But those priorities are just what dog advocates want. When I described to him the fear my wife and other young mothers in our Bronx neighborhood had about using the public park when pit bulls were on the loose, he defended the dogs.
Carvill seconds Weisberg's objection that the city's proposal threatens the due-process protections of pet owners. But the law's biggest defect, he says, is that it singles out a specific breed, in its requirement that pit-bull owners buy liability insurance. The city's desire to regulate pit bulls is in seeming conflict with a state law, similar to those 11 other states have passed, that bars breed-specific local legislation.
For Carvill, all dogs are created equal; different breeds don't have different hereditary characteristics. B ut he's wrong, and dead wrong if we're talking about pit bulls. All men may be created equal, but not all dogs. Says Katherine Houpt, director of the Animal Behavior Clinic at Cornell and author of Domestic Animal Behavior : "Different breeds have genetic predispositions to certain kinds of behavior, though that can be influenced by how they are raised.
The pit bull is an innately aggressive breed, often owned by someone who wants an aggressive dog, so they're going to encourage it. Pit bulls have been bred specifically to be aggressive. They're descended from the now- extinct old English "bulldogge," a big, tenacious breed used in the brutal early- nineteenth-century sport of bull baiting, in which rowdy spectators watched dogs tear apart an enraged bull.
Victorian reformers, concerned about the coarsening effect bull baiting had on its devotees, banned it by the early s, but enterprising bull baiters merely migrated to an equally bloody sport: organized dog fighting. As Carl Semencic, author of several informative books on guard dogs, and a big pit-bull fan, describes it, the bulldogge owners made a striking discovery: "a cross between the bulldogge and any of the game [i. To preserve the bull-and-terrier's pugnacious traits, the dogs were bred only to dogs of the same cross. Thus was born the pit-bull terrier, "the most capable fighting dog known to modern man," Semencic enthuses.
Though breeders, realizing the pit bull was an attractive dog when it wasn't scrapping, bred a less feisty version—the American Staffordshire terrier "Pete" of the old Our Gang comedy series is a well-known representative —the pit-bull terrier is first and last a fighting dog. Its breeding history separates it from other tough dogs like Doberman pinschers and rottweilers, which have been bred to guard their masters and their property. Pit bulls are genetically wired to kill other dogs. T he pit bull's unusual breeding history has produced some bizarre behavioral traits, de- scribed by The Economist' s science editor in an article published a few years ago, at the peak of a heated British controversy over dangerous dogs that saw the pit bull banned in England.
First, the pit bull is quicker to anger than most dogs, probably due to the breed's unusually high level of the neurotransmitter L-tyrosine. Second, pit bulls are frighteningly tenacious; their attacks frequently last for 15 minutes or longer, and nothing—hoses, violent blows or kicks—can easily stop them.
That's because of the third behavioral anomaly: the breed's remarkable insensitivity to pain. Most dogs beaten in a fight will submit the next time they see the victor. Not a defeated pit bull, who will tear into his onetime vanquisher. This, too, has to do with brain chemistry. The body releases endorphins as a natural painkiller. Pit bulls seem extra-sensitive to endorphins and may generate higher levels of the chemical than other dogs.
Endorphins are also addictive: "The dogs may be junkies, seeking pain so they can get the endorphin buzz they crave," The Economist suggests. Finally, most dogs warn you before they attack, growling or barking to tell you how angry they are—"so they don't have to fight," ASPCA advisor and animal geneticist Stephen Zawistowski stresses. Not the pit bull, which attacks without warning. Most dogs, too, will bow to signal that they want to frolic.
Again, not the pit bull, which may follow an apparently playful bow with a lethal assault. In short, contrary to the writings of Vicki Hearne, a well-known essayist on animals who—in a bizarre but emotionally charged confusion—equates breed-specific laws against pit bulls as a kind of "racist propaganda," the pit bull is a breed apart.
Pit-bull expert Semencic makes a more sophisticated argument as to why pit bulls shouldn't be singled out for regulation. Pit bulls, he says, were bred not to be aggressive to people. But Semencic's argument assumes that the culling of man-aggressive dogs is still going on—which it isn't. As Robin Kovary, a New York-based dog breeder and pit-bull fancier, acknowledges, "Once the word got out, 20 years ago or so, to youths who wanted a tough dog to show off with, the breed passed into less than responsible hands—kids who wanted the dogs to be as aggressive as they could be. Y et Kovary is at least partially right when she says, "It's the two-legged beast, not the four-legged one, we have to worry about.
Raised responsibly, the pit bull's good side can come to the fore. But pit bulls have become enmeshed in the brutality of underclass culture, magnifying the breed's predisposition to aggression. Pit bulls are its biggest problem.
Dog Breed Facts for Fun! Book B - AbeBooks - Wyatt Michaels:
More than 60, animals, half of them dogs, entered the shelter last year. According to CACC official Kyle Burkhart, "more than 50 percent of the dogs are pit bulls or pit-bull mixes—a huge percentage. Waiting in the CACC's lobby, I got a firsthand look at the pit bull as a standard-issue accessory to underclass life: toughs in baggy pants and stocking caps paraded in and out continuously, negotiating to get their impounded dogs back or to adopt new ones. Three distinct classes of irresponsible—or, more accurately, abusive—owners are the source of the CACC's flood of pit bulls.
First are the drug dealers, who use pit bulls, or pit-bull crosses, as particularly vicious sentinels. New York City cops had to shoot 83 dogs to death in , most of them pit bulls guarding drug stashes. Burkhart showed me a few such sentinels in the center's dangerous-dog ward. Lunging against their metal cages, these pit bulls were the most ferocious animals I'd ever seen: pure animal fury.
Intimidated, I kept as far from the cages as I could.
Dog Breed Facts for Fun! Book B
Dog-fighting rings also fill the CACC with abused animals. The rings, moving clandestinely throughout the state, stage battles between pit bulls, sometimes to the death, as cheering spectators wager on the outcome. The dogs the CACC receives from the raids will often be missing ears or will bear deep scars from their battles.
Manhattan Parks Commissioner Adrian Benepe isn't surprised at the savagery: "We regularly find dead pit bulls in the parks; on one occasion, we found eight pit-bull carcasses dumped in Riverside Park. They'd been killed fighting other dogs. It's an unsavory crowd that participates, whether as trainer or spectator, in the blood sport, says ASPCA humane-law-enforcement officer George Watford.
Finally, the CACC gets pit bulls owned by teenagers and gang members—"young punks," Watford calls them—who raise the dogs to intimidate. The teens, sporting military fatigues and shaved heads, ignored her and went on with their barbarous fun.
Typically, these teens lose interest in their brutalized—and usually unneutered—dogs and let them loose, swamping the city with stray pit bulls. Dominant genes are the more typical and common characteristics and features we see in our breeds. Recessive genes are the more rare and unique features we see, such as a blue coat or a blue nose. Dominant genes are expressed in capital letters while recessive genes are expressed in lowercase letters. We call these letters the genotype and what you see, the phenotype.
For a blue nose Pitbull to even be possible, both parents would need to carry a lowercase letter or a recessive gene bb. In this very simplified example of Mendelian genetics, the litter that resulted from these parents would look like this:.
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Remember this is all in percentages of any given puppy. It does not mean that out of a litter of 8 puppies, two will have blue noses, 2 will be dominant for black noses and 4 will have black noses and carry a recessive gene. This can be hard to wrap your head around, especially if you do not have any prior knowledge of the biology or genetics field, but there are plenty of lessons and teachers online that can help you learn more about it if you are curious. However, if you could not care less about how your blue nose Pitbull came to be, then just know that either way they are very special and special dogs that were made just for you.
This is a very sturdy and broad chested dog, which has strong legs, and is set very close to the ground. They have a very confident stance and can look very intimidating to people at times, but it it's important to know that these are just giant teddy bears and are extremely sociable and kind. This is an excellent breed for kids and active families. All in all, if these dogs are raised in a good household with a healthy diet, they will be your best friends.
These dogs are extremely sociable and friendly and will relate to you and understand you like no other dog will. They may require a little bit more work when it comes to training, but it is worth it if you want a loyal friend for life, who will be by your side no matter what. Something that is interesting about this breed is that they seem to have emotions that are very similar to human emotions. They have the ability to make rational as well as irrational decisions, which is unique to this breed. The blue nose Pitbull is one of the most sensitive dogs in the world.
With this being said, they will relate to their owner extremely well and be very kind and loyal.
However, they also can be stubborn and get their feelings hurt as well. It is a very similar situation to having a teenage child in your house.